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Money Management

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Money management involves various activities including budgeting, saving, investing, spending, and overseeing the use of capital for individuals or groups. It can also specifically denote investment management and portfolio management.

In financial markets, the term is commonly associated with investment professionals who make decisions regarding large pools of funds, such as mutual funds or pension plans.

Understanding Money Management

Money management encompasses a broad spectrum of services and solutions within the investment industry.

Today, consumers benefit from an array of resources and applications empowering them to oversee various aspects of their finances independently. However, as individuals grow their net worth, many turn to financial advisors for expert guidance in managing their wealth. These advisors are commonly linked with private banking and brokerage services, providing comprehensive support for crafting holistic money management strategies, which may include estate planning, retirement planning, and more.

Managing money for investment companies stands as a pivotal element within the investment sector. This facet of finance extends to individual investors through various investment fund choices covering all available asset classes in the financial market.

Moreover, investment company money managers extend their expertise to support institutional clients in capital management. They provide tailored investment solutions for institutional retirement plans, endowments, foundations, and similar entities.

Top Money Managers by Assets

Global investment managers provide a range of investment management funds and services tailored for both retail and institutional clients, covering various asset classes within the industry. Among the prevalent fund types are actively managed funds and passively managed funds. Passively managed funds typically mirror specific indexes and often levy minimal management fees.

The following list outlines the leading global money managers based on assets under management (AUM):

BlackRock Inc.

BlackRock Inc. commenced its journey in 1988, emerging as a $1 division within the BlackRock Group. By the close of 1993, it proudly managed $17 billion in Assets Under Management (AUM). Fast forward to 2022, and the figure surged to a remarkable $8.6 trillion.

Within BlackRock, the iShares division stands out for its Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs), boasting approximately $2.5 trillion in AUM globally, which accounts for roughly 29% of the group’s total assets. With a workforce of approximately 13,000 professionals, BlackRock maintains a global presence with offices in over 30 countries worldwide.

The Vanguard Group

The Vanguard Group, founded in 1975 by John C. Bogle in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, operates as one of the premier investment management firms. Serving over 30 million clients across 170 countries, Vanguard has amassed total assets exceeding $8 trillion, securing its position as the world’s second-largest asset manager. Initially established as a division of Wellington Management Co., where Bogle previously held the chairmanship, Vanguard has flourished due to the widespread adoption of its low-cost investment funds.

Fidelity Investments

Fidelity Management & Research Co., established in 1946 by Edward C. Johnson II, is renowned as Fidelity Investments. As of December 31, 2022, Fidelity catered to over 40 million customers, managing a total of $10.3 trillion in assets, with $3.9 trillion in AUM. Offering a diverse array of mutual funds, including domestic equity, foreign equity, sector-specific, fixed-income, index, money market, and asset allocation funds, Fidelity remains a stalwart in the investment industry.


1. What is the difference between a money manager and an asset manager?

The roles of money managers and asset managers are distinct based on their titles: money managers oversee funds, while asset managers handle assets. Yet, considering that assets fundamentally equate to monetary value, the distinction between the two roles blurs considerably.

2. What are the main principles of money management?

Typically, the core tenets of financial management encompass income, investing, savings, and spending. When properly balanced, these principles enable individuals to optimize their financial health and well-being.

3. What is the goal of money management?

The goal of money management is to effectively handle one’s financial resources in a way that maximizes their utility and helps achieve personal financial objectives. This involves various practices such as budgeting, saving, investing, and spending wisely. The overarching aim is to ensure financial stability, security, and growth over time. Effective money management involves setting financial goals, creating a plan to achieve them, monitoring progress, and making adjustments as necessary to stay on track toward financial well-being. Ultimately, the goal is to use money as a tool to support one’s lifestyle, achieve long-term financial security, and fulfill personal aspirations and needs.


Money management involves the careful handling of financial resources, encompassing various aspects such as budgeting, saving, investing, and spending, whether at the individual or corporate level. Additionally, it can pertain to the professional services provided by firms entrusted with managing capital on behalf of clients.

In financial contexts, “money management” often pertains to prominent investment entities, also known as asset managers, which oversee the allocation and investment of funds. Globally recognized firms like BlackRock, Vanguard, and Fidelity exemplify the largest players in this arena, administering numerous renowned mutual funds and pension plans.

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