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Altcoins are cryptocurrencies that are not Bitcoin (BTC). However, some think altcoins are any cryptocurrencies except Bitcoin and Ethereum (ETH) because many cryptocurrencies are built from these two. Some altcoins use different ways to confirm transactions, make new blocks, or stand out from Bitcoin and Ethereum by offering new features or purposes.

Developers create and introduce most altcoins with unique goals or functions for their tokens or cryptocurrency. You can find out more about altcoins and what sets them apart from Bitcoin.

Understanding Altcoins

An “Altcoin” is a type of cryptocurrency that isn’t Bitcoin. It’s a mix of “alternative” and “coin.” Altcoins work on their blockchains, which are like digital ledgers. Many altcoins come from changes to Bitcoin or Ethereum, called forks. These forks happen when developers disagree and start their version.

Altcoins are used for different things on their blockchains. For example, ether is used in Ethereum for transaction fees. Some altcoins, like Bitcoin Cash, try to be alternatives to Bitcoin for payments.

Other altcoins are made from scratch to serve specific industries or groups. For instance, Ripple aims to attract banks with faster payments.

Altcoins are like cousins of popular cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. They try to fix problems that the original cryptocurrency might have. The very first altcoin was Litecoin, which was created in 2011 by changing some things in Bitcoin’s technology. Litecoin uses a different way to confirm transactions called Scrypt, which is faster and uses less energy compared to Bitcoin.

Another altcoin is Ether. It wasn’t made by changing Bitcoin’s code. Instead, it was created by a group of people including Vitalik Buterin and Dr. Gavin Wood for Ethereum, which is a big computer system that uses blockchain technology. Ether, the currency used in Ethereum, is given to people who help with confirming transactions on the network.

Types of Altcoins

Altcoins are different types of cryptocurrencies. Here’s a short explanation of some of them and what they’re used for.

Payment Token

Payment tokens are like money. They are used to trade value between people. Bitcoin is an example of a payment token.


Cryptocurrency trading and use have been unpredictable since they started. Stablecoins are different because they try to make their value steady by connecting it to a group of things like regular money, valuable metals, or other cryptocurrencies. This group acts as a backup to pay back people who own the stablecoin if something goes wrong with the cryptocurrency or if there are problems. Stablecoins are meant to stay at about the same price and not change too much.

Some well-known stablecoins are Tether’s USDT, MakerDAO’s DAI, and the USD Coin (USDC). In March 2021, Visa Inc., a big company that processes payments, said it would start using USDC to settle some transactions on its network using the Ethereum blockchain. They plan to use this more in the future too.

Security Tokens

Security tokens are like digital assets you can buy on stock markets. They work by turning real things, like property or stocks, into digital tokens that people can invest in. But for these tokens to be worth anything, the real things they represent must be safe and kept secure. The government keeps an eye on security tokens to make sure they follow the rules for investments.

In 2021, a company called Exodus, which helps people manage their Bitcoin, did something big. They got permission from the government to turn $75 million worth of their company’s shares into digital tokens. This was a first in the United States.

Utility Tokens

Utility tokens are like special coins used for different jobs in a network. They help with buying services, paying for network stuff, or getting rewards. For instance, Filecoin is one such token used to buy storage space for keeping data safe on a network.

Ether, also known as ETH, is another example of a utility token. People use it in the Ethereum blockchain and virtual machine to pay for their transactions. USTerra, a stablecoin, uses utility tokens to try to keep its value equal to the dollar. They make new tokens or destroy them to make the price go up or down when it needs to, like when it lost value on May 11, 2022.

You can get utility tokens from exchanges and keep them, but they’re mainly for use in the blockchain network to keep it running smoothly.

Meme Tokens

Meme coins are cryptocurrencies that come from jokes or funny ideas about other popular cryptocurrencies. They become famous fast, usually because famous people on the internet talk about them and try to make quick money.

People call the big rise of these coins in April and May 2021 “meme coin season.” Lots of these cryptocurrencies went up by huge amounts, mostly because people were guessing about their value.

Governance Tokens

Governance tokens give people some special rights on a blockchain. These rights include voting for changes in how things work on the blockchain or having a say in decisions made by a decentralized group called a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO). These tokens are usually made specifically for a certain blockchain and are used for things related to that blockchain. They are known as utility tokens, but people also see them as a different kind of token because of what they are used for.


  1. Fix Problems: Altcoins can solve issues that other cryptocurrencies have.
  2. Survival Chance: They have a better chance of surviving in the market.
  3. Many Options: There are thousands of altcoins to pick from.


  1. Less Popular: Altcoins aren’t as well-known as Bitcoin and have smaller market values.
  2. Less Easy to Trade: They’re not as easy to buy or sell compared to Bitcoin.
  3. Uncertain Use: It’s hard to figure out what some altcoins are used for.
  4. Risk of Scams: Some altcoins might be scams or have lost support from developers and users.

Future of Altcoins

Talking about the future of altcoins and cryptocurrencies brings up a comparison to the circumstances that led to the creation of the U.S. dollar in the 19th century. Back then, different local currencies were used in the United States, each with its features and backing.

Similarly, today we have thousands of altcoins in the market, each claiming to serve a different purpose. Just like how local banks issued currency in the past, now we have various altcoins circulating, some with uncertain backing.

It’s unlikely that we’ll see just one cryptocurrency dominating the market. However, not all of the thousands of altcoins available today will survive. The market will probably focus on several altcoins that offer real utility, clear use cases, and strong blockchain technology.

Altcoins can be a cheaper option if you want to diversify within the cryptocurrency market compared to Bitcoin. But remember, the cryptocurrency market, no matter the coin, is still new and unpredictable. Cryptocurrencies are still figuring out their place in the global economy, so it’s wise to be cautious when dealing with them.


What Is the Best Altcoin to Invest in?

The top altcoin for investing changes based on your money situation, goals, how much risk you can handle, and what the market is like. It’s a good idea to talk with a money expert to figure out which one is right for you.

What Are the Top 3 Altcoins?

As of my last update in January 2022, it’s important to note that the cryptocurrency market is highly volatile and subject to rapid changes. Therefore, what may be considered the top altcoins can fluctuate based on various factors including market sentiment, technological developments, and regulatory changes.
However, at that time, some of the top altcoins included:
Ethereum (ETH): Ethereum is not just a cryptocurrency but also a platform for decentralized applications (DApps) and smart contracts. Its flexibility and widespread adoption in the decentralized finance (DeFi) space have contributed to its popularity and market dominance among altcoins.
Binance Coin (BNB): Binance Coin is the native cryptocurrency of the Binance exchange, one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges globally. BNB is used for various purposes within the Binance ecosystem, including trading fee discounts, token sales on the Binance Launchpad, and more.
Cardano (ADA): Cardano is a blockchain platform known for its focus on security and scalability. It aims to provide a more sustainable and scalable ecosystem for building decentralized applications and smart contracts. With its unique approach to blockchain architecture and governance, Cardano has gained attention as a potential competitor to Ethereum.
However, the cryptocurrency market is dynamic, and the positions of altcoins can change rapidly due to various factors. It’s essential to conduct thorough research and consider the latest market trends and developments before making any investment decisions.

Is It Better to Invest in Bitcoin or Altcoins?

Deciding which cryptocurrency is better depends on what you want to achieve with your money, how much risk you can handle, and what you believe in. It’s different for each person. Before you buy any cryptocurrency, it’s a good idea to talk to a financial advisor who can help you understand the risks and benefits.

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