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Economists are scientists who study economics. They study market conditions by analyzing economic data that is released daily and try to explain what is affecting the economy. They predict how current market conditions will alter future government fiscal and monetary policy. They based their predictions on theory and how the market should act.

Economists are more concerned with the longer-term outlook of the economy because there are normally delays when the government makes changes in policy.

What Is an Economist?

An economist is an expert who studies the relationship between a society’s resources and its production or output. Economists study societies ranging from small, local communities to entire nations and even the global economy.

The expert opinions and research findings of an economist are used to help shape a wide variety of policies, including interest rates, tax laws, employment programs, international trade agreements, and corporate strategies.

The duties of an economist are incredibly varied: research economic issues; conduct surveys and collect data; analyze data using mathematical models, statistical techniques, and software; present research results in reports, tables, and charts; interpret and forecast market trends; advise businesses, governments, and individuals on economic topics; recommend solutions to economic problems; write articles for academic journals and other media.