A Marubozo is a type of candlestick charting formation that indicates a security’s price did not trade beyond the range of the opening and closing price. It is a candlestick pattern that lacks a shadow.
Understanding the Marubozo
The name Marubozo comes from the Japanese word for “close-cropped”, indicating a candle with no shadow. The defining characteristic of the Marubozo on a chart is the absence of upper or lower shadows, meaning the chart does not extend beyond the opening day price range. On an up day, the opening price is equal to the day’s low, and the closing price is equal to the day’s high. On days that the stock has gained, it is indicative of a bull market, and on days that it has lost, it is indicative of a bear market.
Gaining days, or up days, strongly indicate that there is a greater demand for the stock than there is a supply. Or at least a greater demand for the stock than there is a willingness to sell it. The opposite can be said on losing, or down days.
Candlestick charting has been popular since the days of Japanese rice merchants and rice traders. They referred to the wide part of the candlestick as the real body, and they would use it to determine whether the closing price had risen above or fallen below the opening price.
When a Marubozo type of candle is found in an uptrend, it is used to signal that the bulls are aggressively buying the asset and it suggests that the momentum may continue upward. The bullish Marubozo candle (open equals low, high equals close) can signal a reversal when it is found at the end of a downtrend because it shows that the sentiment has changed and that the bulls are likely to continue pushing the asset higher. On the other hand, a bearish Marubozo found in a downtrend (open equals high, low equals close) can signal further selling pressure, especially if found at the top of an uptrend.